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Orel State Agrarian University
- КВВЕ-2009–3-7-01: Sustainable Biorefineries
Date of filling in
Orel State Agrarian University
General Rodin St., 69
Orel Regional Centre of Agricultural Biotechnology
Pavlovskaya Ninel Efimovna, Professor, Head of the Centre, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor
Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology (KBBE)
КВВЕ-2009–3-7-01: Sustainable Biorefineries
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
Orel State Agrarian University was founded in 1975. Now the University is a large, dynamically developing Research and Cultural Centre of the Central regions of Non-Black zone, which includes 5 faculties: agro business and ecology, biotechnology and veterinary medicine, economic, agro techniques and energy supply, etc. Orel State Agrarian University became a winner of the Innovation Education program “Development of the transfer regional system of the innovation technologies in animal husbandry”. In the Orel regional centre of the agricultural biotechnology that was created in 2001 on the money being received from grant of Science Ministry of the Russian Federation. 20 persons work in the center, among them 2 Doctors of Sciences, 17 Candidates of Sciences, more than 100 scientific works are published, including 5 study books, 5 monographs. The work of the scientific school is carried out in several directions: “Biotechnological processing of agricultural and industrial wastes”; “Extraction of biological active components and their testing as ecologically safe means of plant protection”; “Production of Biological Active Additives (BAA) for food and forage industry”.
The amount of annual waste in the Orel region is characterized by the rate of 1.5 ml. tons, including : organic waste of the processing enterprises – 55%; hard garbage, waste of treatment facilities – 20%; iron-and-steel and color scrap, alumina containing slags and ferrous waste of Orel Steel Rolling Plant – 18%; others – 7%. In gen-eral in the region the total accumulation, accounting the wastes being buried, is evaluated in 30 ml tons. All these waste can be used for obtaining economically important production and improving ecological environ-ment. The Orel region has all imputations for engineering biotechnology development: large livestock complexes for 1,5 ml pigs heads, poultry industrial farms; four sugar processing plants, groats crusher, production of cereals, grain and groat legumes, supplying tons of useful waste; vast territories where it is possible to grow green raw to obtain biofuel, etc. Coprolites of domestic hybrid compost worm “Staratel” are obtained from pig, poultry com-post, sewage sludges. Their physical-chemical properties are investigated, humic, fulvic and hymatomelanic ac-ids are extracted, biological activity of biohumus on pathologenic soil micro flora and antioxidant plant activity are found, positive influence of biohumus active substances on the agronomy features of pea, wheat, potato is staed. Biopesticides on the natural components being extracted from plants and microorganisms (lectins, hy-drolase inhibitors, bioflavonoids, humate, flavonoids, etc.) are created. They are able to reduce the application of chemical agents of protection and to rehabilitate environment. Biopreparations are active in concentrations ap-proximated to nanoobjects (10-7 -10-8 М). New alternative food products, tea, tinctures, balsams, ointments, creams, dry breakfasts, antioxidant complex, including vitamins of preventive importance, forage additives and premixes are obtained from wastes of back wheat cultivation and processing. The wastes of the sugar processing industry (sphincter, molasses) are used to obtain pectins with bactericidal and complex forming properties, bioethanol, racemic mixtures, and bio fertilizers. Sphincter is used to get food and forage and half-finished product (dry concentrate) with high pectin content. Further researchers will be devoted to deep investigation of coprolite active substances and antagonist mush-room Trichoderma that rehabilitates soil and has therapeutic effect on infection diseases treatment of a person and animals. The industrial innovation production of alternative products of wide assignment for animal and poultry: dry concentrate made from sugar-beet sphincter, premixes and also biofuel on the basis of bioethanol from molasses and rape is supposed. The soil reconstructing bio fertilizers that prevent pathogen agent development will be produced from dry resi-due of sewage by means of vermiculation. The routine application and technical production conditions will be developed.
Identification and certification of gene pool of cultivated plants by means of protein electrophoresis and the DNA-analysis Application of antioxidants to slow down apoptosis and necrosis on the plant cells Biotechnological conversion of agricultural waste to obtain vitamins, food stains, biopreparations and bioethanol Extraction of humic acids and other biologically active components from biogumus, obtained on the basis of domestic rainworms Multiplication of vegetable pea sorts having high amylose starch with enzyme resistant properties
Publications on the topic (other references)
Pavlovskaya N.E., Parakhin N.V., Gagarina I.N., Gorkova I.V. Development of bioeconomic approaches to vitamin production, in-vitro- diagnostics, biopesticides on the ground of active usage of biological objects/ Materials of the Fourth Moscow international con-gress (Мoscow,12-16 March, 2007 г.) М.: ZАО «Expo – biochim. - technologies», RKHTU under the name of D.I. Mendeleev, 2007. P.301.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Parakhin N.V., Zotikov V.I., Gagarina I.N., Gorkova I.V., Golyishkina L.V. General biotechnology (Study book) Published OrelSAU, 2007, 332 p.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Jushkova E.I., Danilenko А N., Botuz N.I., Polosova E.J., Borsenkova G.A. Physical-chemical characteristics and biological activity of biogumus. / Published “ORASS”, Орел, 2007, 138 p.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Nechaev L.A., Tsyibakova J.N., Botuz N.I, Danilenko A.N. Characteristics of biogumus of different maturity index./ Bulletin of Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 2007,№6, p.25-27.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Prudnikova E.G., Zubareva K.J., Borsenkova G.A. Regulation of injurious pea insect population by new prepara-tion based on lectins of wheat germ. / Materials of I international Internet - conference, 10 March 2008. «Fundamental and Applied Researches in Agro Industrial Complex in a modern stage of chemistry development”, Orel, 2008, 130-133.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Gagarina I.N.Innovation approach to protein component usage in biotechnology./ Bulletin OrelSAU, 2008, №1 (10), p.36-38.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Jushkova E.I., Danilenko A.N., Botuz N.I Investigation of physical chemical properties of compost fulvic acids and wormy composts of different origin by method of VEZH/ Agrochemistry, 2008, №3, p.67-71.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Parakhin N.V., Gagaraina I.N., Gorkova I.V. Constructional application of biological objects in technological production of preparations of bacteriostatic, antioxidant and и immunomodulating effect./ International scientific-practical Conference «Biotechnology: water and food products», Moscow, Russia, 11-13 March 2008., P.143.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Gagarina I.N., Miroshnikova M.P. Bean Biochemistry. / OrelSAU,128 p.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Piskuryeva V.A., Piskuryeva I.V. New possibility of sugar processing industry in the Orel region / Materials of I international Internet - conference, 10 March 2008. «Fundamental and Applied Researches in Agro Industrial Complex in a modern stage of chemistry development”., Orel, 2008, p.112-114.
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