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Orel State Agrarian University
- КВВЕ-2009–3-1-04: Prospecting for novel plantproduced compounds
Date of filling in
Orel State Agrarian University
General Rodin St., 69
Orel Regional Centre of Agricultural Biotechnology
Pavlovskaya Ninel Efimovna, Professor, Head of the Centre, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor
Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology (KBBE)
КВВЕ-2009–3-1-04: Prospecting for novel plantproduced compounds
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
Orel State Agrarian University was founded in 1975. Now the University is a large, dynamically developing Research and Cultural Centre of the Central regions of Non-Black zone, which includes 5 faculties: agro business and ecology, biotechnology and veterinary medicine, economic, agro techniques and energy supply, etc. Orel State Agrarian University became a winner of the Innovation Education program “Development of the transfer regional system of the innovation technologies in animal husbandry”. In the Orel regional centre of the agricultural biotechnology that was created in 2001 on the money being received from grant of Science Ministry of the Russian Federation. 20 persons work in the center, among them 2 Doctors of Sciences, 17 Candidates of Sciences, more than 100 scientific works are published, including 5 study books, 5 monographs. The work of the scientific school is carried out in several directions: “Biotechnological processing of agricultural and industrial wastes”; “Extraction of biological active components and their testing as ecologically safe means of plant protection”; “Production of Biological Active Additives (BAA) for food and forage industry”.
Our scientific school works specializes in the field of biochemistry, biotechnology, ecology, veterinary medi-cine, the questions of identification of agricultural crops by protein and RNA-technologies, extraction of the cell components from plants and microorganisms (inhibitors, lectins, vitamins, enzymes, alkaloids, anthocyans), their testing and application as biological means of protection and biologically active additves to food and for-age. We develop resource saving technology of obtaining pectin, sugar and alcohol from sphincter of sugar processing industry. It is necessary to continue screening of highly productive sources of active components of buck wheat, bean, soybean, pea, lupin, barley, oat and other crops for their selection, cleaning, biological activ-ity testing and wide scale introduction into food (pectins with bactericidal facilities, food ingredients with pro-tective functions, racemic carbohydrate mixtures and etc.) and pharmaceutical industry (lectins, hydrolase in-hibitors, antioxidants, pectin, rutin, bioflavonoids, antineoplastic protein SP-2, etc.), forage production (apop-tosis inductors, microfiertilizers, humates, coprolites, etc.), veterinary (means of animal protection from leuco-sis, mammitis, brucellosis, etc.), plant growing (biopesticide, bio preparations, regulators of growth and devel-opment, etc.), selection (donors with high biologically active component content) and other fields. New lines of vegetable pea with amylase more than 80% in starch are obtained, enzyme resistant properties are sated, starch grain structure is examined by X-ray diffraction analysis and DC- color comparison. New technologies of ob-taining rutin, food dye, biopreparations on the base of plant lectins and microorganism lipids, forage additives and other biologically active substances are worked out. Antioxidants are extracted and cleaned, pharmaceutical and veterinary agents on the basis of cell components from mushrooms Ascochita, Trichoderma are created. Tests of new biologically safe preparations inducing disease tolerance and increasing agricultural plant produc-tivity are carried out. Apoptosis inductors and the ways of its regulation are investigated, control of gene modi-ficated organisms are done with the method of PCR-DNC analysis.
Identification and certification of gene pool of cultivated plants by means of protein electrophoresis and the DNA-analysis. Application of antioxidants to slow down apoptosis and necrosis on the plant cells. Biotechnological conversion of agricultural waste to obtain vitamins, food stains, biopreparations and bioethanol. Extraction of humic acids and other biologically active components from biogumus, obtained on the basis of domestic rainworms. Multiplication of vegetable pea sorts having high amylose starch with enzyme resistant properties
Publications on the topic (other references)
Andreas Blennow, Ninel E. Pavlovskaya, Alexey V. Krivandin, Vladimir P. Yuryev. Structural and Thermodynamic Properties of High – amylase Wrinkled Pea and Starrch Branching Enzyme – suppressed Potato Starches/ Starch Progress in Basic and Applied Science /Piotr Tomasik,Vladimir P. Yuryev, Eric Bertoft, 2007. p.43-78.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Samofalova L.A., Klimova E.V., Klimov R.V. Method of obtaining plant product “Rostok”. Patent 2256378 РФ, МКI А 23 L 1/10. 1/172, Applicant and patentholder Orel State Technical University. --№2005122777/13; applic. 18.07.05; published. 10.02.07, Bulletin. №4.- p.4.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Kornienko N.N., Gagarina I.N.,Miroshnikova M.P., Zelenov А.N. Formation of polypeptide composition of pea bean seed proteins in the maturation process./ Bulletin of Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 2007, №3, p.39-41.
T.N. Lasareva, N.E. Pavlovskaya, I.N. Fesenko,and A.N. Fesenko. Seed Protein Polymorphism of Common Buckwheat (Fagopyrum Esculentum Moench.) Varieties, Revealed by SDS- PAGE Gtx/ Adances in Buckwheat Research| Proceedings of the 10 th International Symposium on Buckwheat, Chai Yan Zhang Zongwen,p.383-386.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Lasareva T.N., Fesenko I.N., Fesenko A.N. Polymorphism of Common Buckwheat revealed by electrophoresis of seed proteins. Reports of Russian Academy of Agricultural, 2007, 6, p.14-15.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Parakhin N.V., Zotikov V.I., Gagarina I.N., Gorkova I.V., Golyishkina L.V. General biotechnology (Study book) Published OrelSAU, 2007, 332 p.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Jushkova E.I., Danilenko А N., Botuz N.I., Polosova E.J., Borsenkova G.A. Physical-chemical characteristics and biological activity of biogumus. / Published “ORASS”, Орел, 2007, 138 p.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Golyishkin L.V., Szuk G.P., Asarova E.F., Zubareva K.J. Investigation of peculiarities of vegetable parchment layer formation of pea bean leaves as a barrier for invasion Bruchus pisorum L. /Starage and processing of agricultural raw, 2007, 2, p.38-41.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Piskuryeva V.A., Piskuryeva I.V. New possibility of sugar processing industry in the Orel region / Materials of I international Internet - conference, 10 March 2008. «Fundamental and Applied Researches in Agro Industrial Complex in a modern stage of chemistry development”., Orel, 2008, p.112-114.
Pavlovskaya N.E., Gagarina I.N., Miroshnikova M.P. Bean Biochemistry. / OrelSAU,128 p.
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