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Kuban State University
- ENV.2012.6.2-1 Exploration of the operational potential of the concepts of ecosystem services and natural capital to systematically inform sustainable land, water and urban management; ENV.2012.6.2-2 Assessing global biological resources: the European contribution to the Global Earth Observation Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON); ENV.2012.6.2-4 Management and potential impacts of litter in the marine and coastal environment ("The Ocean for Tomorrow")
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Kuban State University
149, Stavropol’skaya Str., Krasnodar city, Russia, 350040
Chair of Genetics, Cytology and Bioengenering
Prof. Karaseva Emma Viktorovna, PhD, professor, head of scientific centre "Biotechnology"
Environment (including climate change) (ENV)
ENV.2012.6.2-1 Exploration of the operational potential of the concepts of ecosystem services and natural capital to systematically inform sustainable land, water and urban management; ENV.2012.6.2-2 Assessing global biological resources: the European contribution to the Global Earth Observation Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON); ENV.2012.6.2-4 Management and potential impacts of litter in the marine and coastal environment ("The Ocean for Tomorrow")
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
The Kuban state university, wich now is one of the largest classical high schools of the South of Russia, has been formed in 1920. The basic directions of activity - educational and scientific. Researches carry out scientific groups of faculties and the various centers being structural divisions of Kuban state university. The self-supporting centre of science "Biotechnology" has been created in 1985 at faculty of genetics, microbiology and the biotechnology, wich has been generated in 1970. The scientists of the Center more than two decades conducts researches on the following basic directions: - Biotechnology of clearing and detoxication of dangerous waste products; - restoration technogenically broken ecosystems; - a microbic biodiversity; - creation and maintenance of collections of the oil-oxidizing bacteria from Azov-Black Sea region; - struggle against biodamages of industrial materials. The collective of the Center, including 5 PhD, has a plenty of publications, awards, patents.
The Collective has an experience of theoretical and experimental development, and also practical (at a regional level) introductions of innovative schemes of the manipulation with dangerous oil-containing and other waste products. Schemes are based on maximum effective utilization of metabolic potential of oil-oxidizing microorganisms using of modern high technology biotechnological toolkit and an infrastructure of the industrial enterprises. The advanced techniques allow to achieve high quality of clearing and detoxication of waste products. There is an experience of secondary use of the waste products cleared by microbiological way. Use of an available scientific and technical reserve for creation of large system of norms, rules and the techniques, providing expansion of concepts ecosystem services is possible.
One of bases of functioning of biosphere is activity of procaryota. The microbic biodiversity is the integral component of a universal biodiversity. The center "Biotechnology" has experience of the all-round analysis of a various ecosystems microbic biodiversity, including allocation, identification, an estimation of perspectivity and deposition of bacterial strains. During more than twenty years' studying of a petropolluted ecosystems biodiversity, at the Kuban state University the collection from 900 various bacterial strains - potential biological agents is selected and supported. The collection is a unique genofund for maintenance of biological activity anthropogenically broken ecosystems.
The Center has long-term practical experience of monitoring of the sea and coastal zones, exposed to pollution by dangerous waste products for a sanitary-microbiological condition, a degree of chemical pollution (through functional groups of microflora). The scientists develops system of measures on counteraction to environmental contamination by oil and waste products of drilling at work on a shelf of sea of Azov (the grant of the Russian Federal Property Fund 06-04-96811 Rehabilitation of ecosystems, polluted with mineral oil and waste products of drilling, at carrying out of chisel works on a sea shelf). A number of innovative development of scientific group directly concerns to biotechnology of liquidation of hydrocarbonic pollution of the sea environment and a coastal sandy ground (biological products and technologies using immobilized systems).
bioremediation oil-oxidizing bacteria biocatalysis biodiversity microbial association
Publications on the topic (other references)
Karaseva E.V., Molodova E.A. The cellulose-decomposing microorganisms of chisel solutions // Microbioigy.-1990.V. 59, №2 Karaseva E.V., Kosarevich I.V., Ploschadniy V.J. Ecological aspects of biogenic materials usage in drilling works (review) // Committee on ecology and use of bowels at the government of Russian Federation М., 1992
Karaseva E.V., J.C. Philp, I.B. Ivshina,M.S. Kuyukina, V.I. Losinsky, G.A. Kovalenko Immobilisation of hydrocarbon-oxidising bacteria from crude oil-contaminated soils from russian and Hungarian oilfields // Proceeding of the Second European Bioremediation Conference. Chania,Crete,Greece,June 30-July 4, 2003, P/424 – 427
Karaseva E.V., S.G. Karasev, I.E. Girich, V.V. Koksina Functional and specific variety of the soil oil-oxidizing bacteria in different climatic zones // The report book of the 1st European microbiological congress. Elsever publishing house. Slovenia, 2003. – P. 184
Karaseva E.V, I.E. Girich et al. Experience of bioremediation of the grounds polluted with oil "Tengizscaya" as a result of non-authorized access in oil pipeline КТК-P" Protection of an environment in an oil-and-gas complex.-2005.№2 Karaseva E.V., I.E. Girich et al. Bioremediation of the chernozem polluted with oil // Biotechnology.-2005.№2
E.V. Karaseva, S.M.Beregova, S.G. Karasev, V.V. Gora Diversity of bacteria in oil-polluted soil in the process of bioremediation // Abstracts book 2-nd FEMS congress of europeans microbiologists Madrid -2006
Karaseva E.V., N.N. Volchenco Screening of oil-oxydizing bacteria-producers of surface-active substances of the biological nature and their application in experience on remediation of the petropolluted ground and oil sludge // Biotechnology.-2006.№2
Karaseva E.V., A.A. Samkov Interrelation of covective carry of oil-oxidizing microorganisms with a parameter of water repellency of cells and efficiency of bioremediation // Biotechnology.-2007.№4
Karaseva E.V., N.N. Volchenco et al. Water repellency of cells as criterion of selection of bacteria-producers of biosurfactants // Microbiology.-2007.№1
Description of previous and present experience in International Cooperation
INTAS 01-2151 "New Approaches to the Bioremediation of Oil-Contaminated Soils and Crude Oil Wastes Using Immobilised Hydrocarbon-Oxidising Bacteria" (2002-2005). UK – Hungarian– Russia Our participation:
Development of active oil-degrading bacterial consortia for bioaugmentation.
Comparative study of bacterial immobilisation in natural and synthetic matrices.
Development and field examination of the bioremediation technology using immobilised alkanotrophic micro-organisms.
Previous participation in EU’s Framework Programme projects
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