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Voronezh State University
- ENV.2012.6.4-2 Long-term monitoring experiment in geologically active regions of Europe prone to natural hazards: the Supersite concept
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Voronezh State University
Universitetskaya pl.,1, Voronezh, 394006, Russia
The faculty of Geology, joint university-academic laboratory of a deep structure, geodynamics and seismic monitoring by Prof. A.P.Tarkov
Prof. Ludmila Nadezhka, laboratory chief, Ph.D. in sciences of Geology and Mineralogy, associate professor
Environment (including climate change) (ENV)
ENV.2012.6.4-2 Long-term monitoring experiment in geologically active regions of Europe prone to natural hazards: the Supersite concept
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
Voronezh State University is one of the largest and oldest scientific and educational centres of Russia. It was founded in 1918. The structure of VSU academic departments includes 17 faculties, 5 research institutes, 14 joint laboratories with the Russian Academy of Sciences, 10 joint research and production centers with the key industrial enterprises of the region, the Centre of Nanosystem and Material industry, Technopark, Botanical Garden, a nature reserve.
About 21,000 students including 1000 foreign students are taught by 1600 academic staff, including 290 full professors, PhD holders and 800 associate professors, whereas total number of employees with scientific degrees is 1600 people. There are 3 members of Russian Academy of Sciences and Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences among the academic staff. VSU offers academic programmes at all levels including bachelor, master, graduate and post-graduate courses, post-doctoral studies. The university has prepared more than 100 thousands of professionals. There is a Nobel Prize winner (academician Pavel Cherenkov), winners of the state prizes of Russia, academicians, ministers, prominent scientists, and cultural leaders among the VSU graduates.
Long-term scientific and educational international cooperation is based on direct agreements with 68 universities and research institutes of the world. Since 2002 VSU is a member of European University Association. It participated in a number of education and research projects of European programmes including 3 TEMPUS/TACIS projects (1994-1997, 2001-2002, 2009-2010). It also took part as a coordinator of an FP6 project. Now it is participating in two FP7 projects. At present VSU is actively modernising its academic models in line with the principles of the "Bologna process" (More information about the VSU can be found here http://www.vsu.ru/english/index.html)
The principal direction of the department research work is investigating seismic activity within the platform areas and analyzing microseismic wave processes in nonlinear heterogeneous lithosphere; preventing seismic hazard in the areas of city agglomerations, high environmental risk objects and large industrial enterprises.
This direction is new for the Russian science. Voronezh state university is one of the few higher educational establishments which dispose of a laboratory where this kind of works is carried out. The laboratory accomplishes fundamental scientific questions as well as applied tasks.
The joint project of CDRF (USA) and of the Ministry of Education and Science (Russia) “Wave processes within the heterogeneous and nonlinear medium” in 2003-2008.
Within the limits of the project a large number of investigations of nonlinear peculiarities of the VCM lithosphere were done basing on the analysis of microseismic noise and impulse wave processes excited by industrial explosions and local and teleseismic earthquakes. Data that characterize nonlinear wave fields and how much geological medium nonlinear peculiarities are shown in the seismic wave characteristics were obtained for the first time.
The joint Russian-Ukrainian grant of RFPF and National Academy of the Ukraine “Modern seismotectonic processes in the crust of the Southwestern segment of EEC: Ukrainian Shield, Voronezh crystalline massif and the Dnieper-Donets depression which separates them” 2008-2009.
Within the limits of the project seismicity of the Southwestern segment of EEC and seismotectonic events character were investigated.
The joint Russian-Ukrainian grant of RFPF and National Academy of the Ukraine “Lithosphere structure peculiarities and modern seismicity character in the area of large geological provinces of the Southwestern segment of EEC: Ukrainian Shield, Voronezh crystalline massif and the Dnieper-Donets depression which separates them” 2010-2011.
Within the limits of the project seismicity of the deep crust structures is under investigation.
PROJECT: A long-term experiment on seismic monitoring of Voronezh crystalline massif, the most seismically active region of East European Craton.
Earthquake is one of the most dangerous natural phenomena on our planet, which can cause the large-scale catastrophes. At present times, we don’t possess a reliable method of forecasting earthquakes. They happen unexpectedly and not only in the active regions. Some strong earthquakes are known which happened in the area of ancient platforms.
One fourth of all the earthquakes occurred within the boundaries of East European Craton (EEC) happened in Voronezh crystalline massif (VCM) area. On the General seismic zoning map of Russia and neighboring states (OCP-97C) the VCM region has the background seismic noise level of 6 points (by the MSK-64 scale).
15 years ago seismic monitoring works using a seismic network started in this region; some of the stations of the network belonged to the Federal Seismic network of Russia. During the monitoring period more than 500 earthquakes were registered, most of them were of the 2-10 power class. On the 31 of March 2000 a 5-point earthquake (by the MSK-64 scale) happened in the VCM area and it was registered at many stations of the Western Europe.
The VCM area is highly populated and has a well-developed infrastructure including the objects of high environmental risk, such as 2 atomic electric power stations and some other.
If accomplished, the project will allow:
To analyze the spatial, temporal and energy peculiarities of the platform seismic conditions.
To estimate amount of anthropogenic factors like induced seismicity in the general seismicity level of the region.
To study the cause-and-effect relations between the lithosphere structure peculiarities and the character of modern seismic activity.
To investigate the possibility of forecasting active seismic processes in the lithosphere of one of the largest geological structures of the EEC.
The project realization will allow us to get new data on the platform seismic activity and thus help solving the problem of decreasing the risks and preventing the catastrophes caused by natural and anthropogenic seismicity. Moreover, the new data on the seismic processes within the platform lithosphere will allow us to work out a new approach in estimating modern geodynamical activity.
seismic monitoring seismicity lithosphere platform
Publications on the topic (other references)
Nadezhka L.I., Safronich I.N., Pivovarov S.P., and others. Nikolskoye earthquake on the 31 of March 2000/ Earthquakes in Northern Eurasia in 2000.Obninsk 2006.P. 245-253
Weak earthquakes and microseismicity as a modern geodynamic investigation object. Joint project Nadezhka L.I., Safronich I.N., Pivovarov S.P., and others. Petrozavodsk. 2006. p.245-253.
Nadezhka L.I., Ezhova I.T. The irregularities of the lithosphere surface and spatial distribution of the earthquakes epicenters within the central and eastern parts of VCM/ The digest of the international conference “Irregular geological medium: spatial and temporal interactions of endogenous and exogenous processes.”
Nadezhka L.I., Pivovarov S.P., Semenov A.E., Ippolitov O.M. Seismic effects of the large-scale explosions in Voronezh area and their geo-ecological consequences.//Natural and anthropogenic deposits of mineral raw material: geology, geochemistry, geochemical and geophysical methods of exploration, environmental geology. VSU digest 2008.-Voronezh., p.326-329.
Nadezhka L.I., Safronich I.N., Pivovarov S.P., Semenov A.E., Savenkov A.V., Kolesnikova S.I. Seismic network in the VCM area.//The 4 international seismology school “modern methods of proceeding and interpreting seismic data”.-Obninsk: GS PAS, 2009.-p. 117-121.
Nadezhka L.I. About earthquakes in Voronezh crystalline massif.// L.I.Nadezhka, S.P.Pivovarov, M.A. Efremenko, A.E. Semenov // VSU bulletin, Geology.- Voronezh, 2010.- N1.- p.233-243.
Nadezhka L.I. On the possible causes of local earthquakes in the VCM area. //L.I.Nadezhka, M.A. Efremenko, E. Rogozhin, A.E. Semenov// International conference digest, Voronezh, 2010.- vol.2.- p.73-77.
Nadezhka L.I. Seismic hazard in the VCM area.// L.I.Nadezhka, S.P.Pivovarov, R.S.Pivovarov.//Abstracts of the 7th Kazakhstan-China International Symposium “Prognosis and estimating seismic hazard and seismic risks in Central Asia”.- Almaty,2010.-p. 214-215.
Pivovarov S.P. Induced seismicity in the VCM area.// L.I.Nadezhka, S.P.Pivovarov, I.N.Safronich, R.S.Pivovarov//Seismology studies in Uzbekistan., Tashkent, 2010.-N7.- vol.II.- p.59-63.
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