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Institute of Physical Materials Science SB RAS
- ENV.2012. 6.1-1 Seasonal-to-decadal climate predictions towards climate services
Date of filling in
Institute of Physical Materials Science SB RAS
Russian Federation, 670047, Ulan-Ude, Sakhyanovoy st., 6
Laboratory of physics of atmospheric processes
Dr. Galina Zhamsueva, Head of laboratory
Environment (including climate change) (ENV)
ENV.2012. 6.1-1 Seasonal-to-decadal climate predictions towards climate services
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
Buryat science centre of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of sciences (BSC SB RAS) was founded in 1959. On the results of reorganization Department of Physical problems of BSC SB RAS was renamed to Institute of Physical Materials Science SB RAS in 2011. Institute is scientific organization deals with environmental problem, atmospheric processes, etc. The scientific activity of the laboratory of physics of atmospheric processes is to study the mechanism of formation, transformation and transport trace gases and aerosol in the atmosphere of Lake Baikal region and Gobi Desert, to study meteorological and radiative characteristic of atmosphere with use of gas analyzers, sun photometer, lidar, acoustic meteorological station, sun photometer, etc. Laboratory has state certificate for independent monitoring of the state and pollution of atmospheric air and industrial ecological control.
During last decades the studies of composition of the atmosphere, its global changing and impact on climate and human habitat are attributed to the most priority scientific directions. Since late 1960-s, there is an increase of global and average annual air temperature in Southern Eastern Siberia. Warming (1,2° С during recent 100 years) has occurred here twice faster compared to the Globe average, being more intensive in winter and spring (2,0 and 1,4° С) than in summer and autumn (0,8 and 0,5° С).
The Baikal region (50-64 lat, 96-120 long) is orographically complicated area of Eastern Siberia, characterized by highly partitioned relief. A combination of numerous ridges and intermontane depressions, presence of large water reservoirs determine micro- and meso- climatic differences of its territory. Lake Baikal declared by UNESCO in 1996 as a World Heritage area is a unique natural unit of the territory and the largest source of drinking water (20%) on the Planet.
Assessments of climate change based on observed data, analysis of environment modern state and simulation of long-term consequences of climate change over Baikal region are the main focus of the theme.
Scientific groups from three Institutes of SB RAS – Institute of Physical Materials Science SB RAS (Ulan-Ude), Limnological Institute SB RAS (Irkutsk), Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS (Tomsk) during recent years (1998-2011) have regular research of meteorological parameters, precipitation, radiative characteristics, gaseous and aerosol impurities of atmosphere in Baikal region in framework of joint programs. The laboratory of Institute of Physical Materials Science SB RAS in framework of Roshydromet lead measurements of gas and aerosol impurities in Baikal region, laboratory of Limnological Institute SB RAS researches acid precipitations under the aegis of World-wide Meteorological Organization and “Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia” (EANET), laboratory of Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS carry out the remote laser sounding and operative control of high-altitude stratification of the optic state of the atmosphere, providing temporal and spatial resolution and capability of long observations. On basis of these monitoring results the certificated databases of meteorological characteristics, surface ozone, acid precipitations are formed.
For study of climatic processes changes we have modern equipments such as ultrasonic meteorological stations, solar photometers, gas analyzers (O3, CO2, CO, NOx, SO2), lidars, aerosol counters, samplers of aerosol particles, high-efficient liquid and atomic absorption chromatograph and so on. Also we have scientific monitoring stations near Lake Baikal in different by physical-geographical conditions and anthropogenic loading as well. The cities of Irkutsk and Ulan-Ude are industrial centers, Boyarskiy, Listvyanka and Bolshie Koty are rural stations on shore of Baikal, Mondy – high-mountain station.
We need to simulate regional scenarios of climatic changes focused on Baikal region. Moreover, analysis of observed data, verification of model and observed time series from regular network are envisaged, and interpretation of long-term changes such as temperature, precipitation, radiative characteristics, atmospheric impurities, should be included. To evaluate the consequences of climate change for the society and the economy of the local populations should be defined.
ozone and trace gases aerosol radiative forcing climate change atmosphere
Publications on the topic (other references)
Gorshkov A.G., Marinaite I.I., Zhamsueva G.S., Zayakhanov A.S. Benzopyrene isomer ratio in organic reaction of aerosols over water surface of Lake Baikal// J. Aerosol Sci., 2004, V. 35, Suppl. 2. - P. 1059-1060.
Zhamsueva G.S., Zayakhanov A.S, Tsydypov B.Z., Tsydypov V.V, Ayurjanaev A.A Azzaya D., Oyunchimeg D. Results of investigations of small gaseous impurities in the atmosphere in the Gobi of Mongolia // Papers in Meteorology and Hydrology. – Ulaanbaatar, 2006. - No27/5. - P. 86-90.
Аyuna L. Dementeva, Galina S. Zhamsueva, Аlexander S. Zayakhanov, Vadim V. Tsydypov, Аlexander А. Ayurzhanaev. Particularities of circulation and the analysis of dust storm in sharp-continental climate conditions of Mongolia// Proc. SPIE Vol. 6936, 69360Z (Feb. 14, 2008), 10 p.
Zhamsueva G.S., Zayakhanov A.S, Tsydypov V.V, Ayurjanaev A.A Azzaya D., Oyunchimeg D. Zhamsueva. Experimental investigations of small gaseous impurities in the atmosphere of arid and semi-arid territories of Mongolia // Optic atmospheric and ocean, 2008. -V. 21, No3. - P.273-277 (in Russian).
Zhamsueva G.S., Zayakhanov A.S, Tsydypov V.V, Ayurjanaev A.A Azzaya D., Oyunchimeg D. Assessment of small gaseous impurities in atmosphere of arid and semi-arid territories of Mongolia //ELSEVIER. Atmospheric Environment, 2008. – V. 42, Issue 3. - P. 582-587.
A.S. Zayakhanov, G.S. Zhamsueva., V.V. Tsydypov, and A.A. Ayurzhanaev. Automated system for monitoring atmospheric pollution // Measurement Techniques, Vol. 51, No. 12, 2008. P. 1342-1346.
Zayakhanov A.S., Zhamsueva G.S., Naguslaev S.A., Tsydypov V.V., Sakerin S.M., Kabanov D.M., Tashilin M.A. Results of study of aerosol optical depth in Baikal region // Optic atmospheric and ocean, 2010. -V. 23, No 6. - P. 466-470 (in Russian).
G.S. Zhamsueva, A.S. Zayakhanov, V.V. Tsydypov, A.A. Ayurzhanaev, D. Oyunchimeg, D. Azzaya. Trace Gases measurements results of Russian-Mongolian expedition in the Arid and Semi-Arid region of Mongolia // 2010 NOAA ESRL Global Monitoring Annual Conference. Colorado, USA, 2010. P 5.
Zhamsueva G.S., Zayakhanov A.S., Tsydypov V.V., Ayurzhanaev A.A., Golobokova L.P., Khodzher T.V., Balin Yu. S., Panchenko M.V., Azzaya D., Oyunchimeg D. Dynamics and properties of aerosol and gas composition of atmosphere of Mongolia // The Fifth Vereshchagin Baikal conference, 16-th Joint seminar RDPA. Irkutsk. 2010. P. 207.
Description of previous and present experience in International Cooperation
We have experience in International projects, such as
ROLL Project № 113-3 of US Agency for International Development (USAID);
Integrated scientific program of SB RAS, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mongolian Academy of Sciences “Desertification of Central Asia”;
WMO and GAWTEC program. During 7 years we participate in joint fieldwork in Gobi desert with Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology of Mongolia
Previous participation in EU’s Framework Programme projects
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