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Kuban State University - Optimization of technology of the petropolluted objects microbiological cleaning in conditions of the Black Sea coast

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Date of filling in 04.04.2007
Organization name Kuban State University
Organization adress office 414, 149, Stavropol’skaya st., Krasnodar city, Russia, 350040
Department/Unit Chair of Genetics, Cytology and Bioengenering
Contact person Karaseva Emma, DSc, professor
Phone +7-861-2353536
Fax +7-861-2353536
E-Mail biotech@kubsu.ru
Web-site http://www.kubsu.ru
Organization type
  • Research
  • Education
Special Programme
Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology (KBBE)
Call identifier
Topic number Optimization of technology of the petropolluted objects microbiological cleaning in conditions of the Black Sea coast
Call Deadline
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines): -
Expertise offered Black sea is the unique geographical object demanding steadfast attention of ecologists because of high ecological vulnerability. The big anthropogenous loading alongside with growing export of hydrocarbonic raw material, and also drill works on the Black Sea shelf makes dependent recreational function of the Black Sea coast from technologies of liquidation of pollution by mineral oil. Because of specificity of distribution of alive organisms in its water area, the significant role in preservation of a biodiversity belongs to coastal zones. Technologies of biological clearing used in the Black Sea region from mineral oil have a number of advantages before physical and chemical approaches. However, modern methods do not take into account a number of conditions of the Black Sea region that affects efficiency of protection of an environment from hydrocarbons. Development of production schedules on clearing petropolluted sites in conditions of the Black Sea region is offered. The multilevel technology assumes various methods and the approaches designed for different degrees of oil pollution:
  • Activation of natural oil-degrading bacteria by physical and chemical methods;
  • Creation of favorable physical conditions in a zone of biocleaning using the natural sorbents received from local raw material;
  • Processing by immobilized oil-degrading microorganisms and the bacterial suspensions utilizing adsorbed and floating oil;
  • Use of a microbial biomass with positive buoyancy for clearing a surface of the water polluted with oil;
  • The control of restoration of a microbial biodiversity of technologically broken ecosystems
Problems to be solved and results: The purpose of the project is improvement of environmental protection from hydrocarbonic pollution by means of adaptation biocleaning technologies to conditions of the Black Sea region. The project is directed on the decision of the following tasks: An estimation of the factors limiting microbiological utilization of oil pollutants in conditions of the Black Sea region, including sea water and coastal sands; Studying of microorganisms from sites, polluted with hydrocarbons; Drawing up of operative information base of technological properties of the oil-degrading microorganisms allocated from estuaries, a shelf of Black sea, and also sands and soils; Drawing up adapted to conditions of the Black Sea region of production schedules of bioaugmentation, and also biostimulation in vitro, basing the received database.
Scientific keywords oil toxity bioremediation biological surface active compounds immobilized systems oil-degrading bacteria biodiversity
Publications on the topic (other references) -
Description of previous and present experience in International Cooperation INTAS 01-2151 "New Approaches to the Bioremediation of Oil-Contaminated Soils and Crude Oil Wastes Using Immobilised Hydrocarbon-Oxidising Bacteria"
Previous participation in EU’s Framework Programme projects