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All-Russian Research Institute of Biological Plant Protection Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences - KBBE.2012-3.1-02 Multipurpose crops for industrial bioproducts and biomass, KBBE.2012.1.2-03: Plant growth-promoting bio-effectors (microorganisms and active natural compounds) for alternative plant nutrition strategies in non-leguminous crops

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Date of filling in 26.08.2011
Organization name All-Russian Research Institute of Biological Plant Protection Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Organization adress 350039, Russian Federation, Krasnodar-39
Department/Unit Soil rehabilitation laboratory
Contact person Dr. Vladimir Stepanovich Belousov, Head of the Laboratory of rehabilitation of soil, PhD in agricultural sciences
Phone +7-9528433297
Fax +7-861-2281776
E-Mail vsbelousov@mail.ru
Web-site http://www.vniibzr.ru/index.htm
Organization type
  • Consultancy
  • Research
Special Programme
Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology (KBBE)
Call identifier
Topic number KBBE.2012-3.1-02 Multipurpose crops for industrial bioproducts and biomass, KBBE.2012.1.2-03: Plant growth-promoting bio-effectors (microorganisms and active natural compounds) for alternative plant nutrition strategies in non-leguminous crops
Call Deadline 15.11.2011
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines): The Institute was founded in 1992 based on the North-Caucasian Institute of Phytopathology (1960-1992) and is currently a leading research center of the Russian Federation on biological plant protection. The institute has 207 people, including more than 120 academic staff.
Main research areas: scientific rationale and biologization green crop; phytosanitary monitoring and ecotoxicological situation in agrobiocenosis and a system of forecasting, creation and implementation of new manufacturing technologies and application of biological plant protection products on the basis of entomoakarifags, entomopathogenic organisms gerbifags and microorganisms, inhibiting the ability to live pathogens, pheromones and biologically active substances of biogenic origin. The assets of the institute for more than 60 patents, about 1300 articles, 10 monographs, over 120 teaching materials, the Institute publishes its research papers. The Institute is a member of the West Palaearctic Regional Section International Organization for Biological Control, and the director Academician, Prof. V.D. Nadykta - Vice-President of this organization up to 2010 year.
Expertise offered KBBE.2012-3.1-02.
Project proposal: Development of technologies for non-waste production of biomass sorghum crops bioenergy, sugary foods, animal feed, raw materials for production of building materials and ensuring environmental improvement in cultivation areas. The development of agricultural production in the world over the past decade has been marked raise in the sorghum crops area in the structure of arable land and expand the area of cultivation due to the ever-widening subhumid areas. Technology for their cultivation are low-cost, resource and energy efficient. Laboratory research found significant environmental improvement cultivation zone sorghum crops. System of bioremedation was justified, consisting of three components of the biological effects on the soil: plant (variety and economic group sorghum crops depending on soil type, nature and degree of degradation processes) - endomycorhizal fungi (p. Glomus) - rhizosphere bacteria PGPR Pseudomonas. Two-year sorghum crop cultivation reduces weight by soil volume with 1,35-1,40 1,15-1,20 g/cm3 to g/cm3. Reduced soil salinity - the content of toxic hydrocarbons and sulfate ions is reduced by half, chloride ions in 2-3, which increases the yield of subsequent crops of 4-5 tons / ha. It is established that the cultivation of sweet sorghum indicated a positive balance of humus (1.5-2.0 t / ha) and is absorbed from the atmosphere 50-55 tons of CO2 ha / growing season. Our research have shown that certain types of technical sorghum (Sorghum technicum Roshev) are effective in eliminating toxicity with hydrocarbon contamination, restoration of soil productivity and reducing the period of rehabilitation. Forom rhizosphere sorghum crops was isolated bacteria, similar to the phenotypic characteristics of fluorescent pseudomonads. Some strains exhibit phosphate solubilizing properties of antagonism to soil pathogens, and after a final identification can be potential targets for new biological control agents. World cultivation practice and using sorghum crops shows that it is one of the important economic crops, the biomass of which receive a lot of valuable on the structure of alternative foods, balanced feed, medicines and building materials. The laboratory has considerable experience in the study of native breeding sorghum crops of different economic groups (sweet, maiz, hybrids sorghum and Sudan grass, soriz, technical), but no modern non-waste processing technology. Combining knowledge and experience of participants in the project will improve the efficiency of technologies of cultivation and processing of one of the most promising crops for a specific task (seed, fodder production, bioethanol, and food, building materials), to promote growth to create alternative energy sources that do not be injurious to environment and development of new technologies phyto bioremedation soil with sorghum crops.
Project proposal: Rationale technologies for long-acting fertilizer to ensure environmental sanitation and improving the immune status of plants based on zeolite-containing rocks. Conducted research have shown the absorption effect of zeolite rocks of the Krasnodar Territory (clinoptilolite, stilbene, heulandite) on the physical, physico-chemical and biological properties of soils, thereby increasing the yield by 10-30% and improve the quality of agricultural products. Under the influence of zeolite-containing rocks is favorable for plant growth changes of soil microbial coenosis - increases by 40-60% of heterotrophic bacteria (oligonitrophilic, cellulolytic bacteria, actinomycetes). Their using is due to the large ion exchange capacity, allows to prolong fertilizers effect and to reduce unproductive expenditure. Our research have shown suppressive effect of zeolite rocks for a wide range of plant pathogenic fungi Fusarium, Puthium, Ggt. It is established that some types of zeolite rocks in soil using hard inactivate metallic xenobiotics. In world practice there is a technology of production of sustained-release micronutrients zeolite rocks (frits). These glassy forms of micronutrients can operate effectively in a few years. Zeolite-containing rocks of the Krasnodar region contain deposits except for those items that classification as a necessary and useful up to 20 trace elements and may be the basis for the production slow-release fertilizer that can not only improve the mineral nutrition of plants, but also enhance the adaptive capacity of plants to stress factors. In the Krasnodar region explored several fields of zeolite rocks with total reserves of 700 million tonnes All deposits are not currently being developed. Since the projected recovery of zeolite rocks (now in the U.S., Japan up to 70% of zeolite-containing rocks use in agriculture). Research the possibilities proven reserves in practical using have scientific and commercial interest. Following the development of technologies for a particular type of zeolite-containing rocks and demonstrations will be selected one or several options to receipt of profit from the work: the organization of production, formation a commercial company, the sale a rights.
Scientific keywords sustainable agriculture conservation farming fitobioremediatsiya sorgovye culture zeolite-bearond rocks
Publications on the topic (other references)
  • Belousov V.S. Experience and soil-ecological principles of the restoration of soil capability, degradated in the southern regions of Russia. Agro-ecological condition and prospects of use of the land of Russia, retired from active agricultural using. Proceedings of the Scientific Conference May 13-14, 2008. Moscow 2008. with 263-266.
  • V.S. Belousov. Composite Sorption inactivators of Residual Herbicides in soil. Agrochem 2005, №7, p 43-50.
  • V.S. Belousov. Use of zeolite-bearing Rock as sorbent of Ammonia and Pesticides from Aqnucus Environments. Agrochem 2005, №8, p 65-69.
  • V.S. Belousov. Zeolite- bearing Rocks of the Krasnodar Krai as Inactivators of Heavy Metals in the soil. Agrochem,2006 .№4, p 78-83.
  • N.M. Labutova, O.A. Dudik, V.V. Kochetkov, V.S. Belousov, A.M. Boronin. Interactions between bacteria from the genus Pseudomonas and endomycozzhizal fungus Glomus intraradices in the Sorghum rhirosphere . Mycology and Phytopathology40,1, 2006. p 66-74.
  • Sokolov SM, Galiulin RV Belousov, VS Forecast-assessment cards for ecotoxicological research of pesticides. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences. Geographical Series, 1994.3. with 137-146.
  • G.K. Vasilieva, E.G. Surovtseva, V.S. Belousov. Microbiological method of cleaning on soil from contamination oy propanil and 3,4-dichloraniline. Microbiology t.63, 1994, issue I. p 129-144.
  • RU 2223650 CI method of producing the microbiologic specimen for agricultural purposes and a way to protect plants from disease to use in 2002.
  • RU 2226436 CI Composition for toxicity elimination of soil in 2002.
  • RU 2218699 CI method of plant growing in intensive land-use condition in 2003.
Description of previous and present experience in International Cooperation Development of Institute staff, supported by International Science and Technology Center (joint project with the USA, Canada, Germany):
Biopreparations Biostat, Dizofungin.
Pheromone production of materials to protect the garden from the codling moth.
The integrated protection of winter wheat from the complex diseases using biologics and BAS a biogenic origin.
The technology of biological control of pear sucker and protect cherries from the cherry fly.
The technology for remote diagnostics of wheat and rice affected phytopathogens.
The technology of plant growth regulators in the tank mixture at different crops.
Technology phytosanitary stabilization cenosis wheat in southern Russia using immunogenetic protection.
Previous participation in EU’s Framework Programme projects