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Voronezh State University
- ENV.2012.6.4-1 Improving the resilience of society to catastrophic natural hazards through new risk-management partnerships; ENV.2012.6.4-2 Long-term monitoring experiment in geologically active regions of Europe prone to natural hazards: the Supersite concept.
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Voronezh State University
Universitetskaya sq.,1, Voronezh, 394006, Russian Federation
The faculty of Geology, joint university-academic laboratory of a deep structure, geodynamics and seismic monitoring by Prof. A.P.Tarkov
Надежка Людмила Ивановна, зав. лаб., кандидат геолого-минералогических наук, доцент
Environment (including climate change) (ENV)
ENV.2012.6.4-1 Improving the resilience of society to catastrophic natural hazards through new risk-management partnerships; ENV.2012.6.4-2 Long-term monitoring experiment in geologically active regions of Europe prone to natural hazards: the Supersite concept.
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
Voronezh State University is one of the largest and oldest scientific and educational centers of Russia. It was founded in 1918. The structure of VSU academic departments includes 17 faculties, 5 research institutes, 14 joint laboratories with the Russian Academy of Sciences, 10 joint research and production centers with the key industrial enterprises of the region, the Centre of Nanosystem and Material industry, Technopark, Botanical Garden, a nature reserve.
About 21,000 students including 1000 foreign students are taught by 1600 academic staff, including 290 full professors, PhD holders and 800 associate professors, whereas total number of employees with scientific degrees is 1600 people. There are 3 members of Russian Academy of Sciences and Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences among the academic staff. VSU offers academic programs at all levels including bachelor, master, graduate and post-graduate courses, post-doctoral studies. The university has prepared more than 100 thousands of professionals. There is a Nobel Prize winner (academician Pavel Cherenkov), winners of the state prizes of Russia, academicians, ministers, prominent scientists, and cultural leaders among the VSU graduates.
Long-term scientific and educational international cooperation is based on direct agreements with 68 universities and research institutes of the world. Since 2002 VSU is a member of European University Association. It participated in a number of education and research projects of European programs including 3 TEMPUS/TACIS projects (1994-1997, 2001-2002, 2009-2010). It also took part as a coordinator of an FP6 project. Now it is participating in two FP7 projects. At present VSU is actively modernizing its academic models in line with the principles of the "Bologna process" (More information about the VSU can be found here
The principal areas of the department research work are: investigations of modern seismic activity within the platform areas; seismic monitoring of the areas of atomic power stations, city agglomerations and other high environmental risk objects to decrease seismic risks caused by the natural and anthropogenic catastrophes; analyzing microseismic wave processes in nonlinear heterogeneous lithosphere for the purpose of mapping the geodynamically active zones.
This direction is new for the Russian science. Voronezh state university is one of the few higher educational establishments that dispose of a laboratory where this kind of works is carried out. The laboratory accomplishes fundamental scientific questions as well as applied tasks.
The joint project of CDRF (USA) and of the Ministry of Education and Science (Russia) “Wave processes within the heterogeneous and nonlinear medium” in 2003-2008.
Within the bounds of the project a large number of investigations of nonlinear peculiarities of the VCM lithosphere were done basing on the analysis of microseismic noise and impulse wave processes excited by industrial explosions and local and teleseismic earthquakes. Data that characterize nonlinear wave fields and how much geological medium nonlinear peculiarities are shown in the seismic wave characteristics were obtained for the first time.
The joint Russian-Ukrainian grant of RFPF and National Academy of the Ukraine “Modern seismotectonic processes in the crust of Southwestern segment of EEC: Ukrainian Shield, Voronezh crystalline massif and the Dnieper-Donets depression which separates them” 2008-2009. Within the bounds of the project seismicity of the Southwestern segment of EEC and seismotectonic events character were investigated.
The joint Russian-Ukrainian grant of RFPF and National Academy of the Ukraine “Lithosphere structure peculiarities and modern seismicity character in the area of large geological provinces of the Southwestern segment of EEC: Ukrainian Shield, Voronezh crystalline massif and the Dnieper-Donets depression which separates them” 2010-2011.
Within the bounds of the project seismicity in the deep crust structures is under investigation.
The project goal: A long-term experiment on seismic monitoring in the most seismically active regions of East European Craton (by example of Voronezh crystalline massif) The goal will be achieved by the fallowing methods:
Broadening the existing seismic network to the most seismically active regions of the East European Craton (EEC)
Getting long data series of the seismic events in the active areas of EEC
Developing new methods for identifying seismic events. Creating a catalogue of the earthquakes happened in the EEC area.
Analyzing and interpreting the obtained data to estimate seismic activity level in the most hazardous regions of EEC to decrease risks and prevent catastrophes caused by high seismicity.
Results of the project accomplishment:
Long data series will be obtained about the seismic events in the most seismically active areas of EEC.
The spatial, temporal and energy peculiarities of the platform seismic conditions will be analyzed.
Amount of anthropogenic factors like induced seismicity in the general seismicity level of the region will be estimated.
The cause-and-effect relations between the lithosphere structure peculiarities and the character of modern seismic activity will be studied.
The possibility of forecasting active seismic processes in the lithosphere of one of the largest geological structures of the EEC will be investigated.
The project realization will allow us to get new data on the platform seismic activity. The new data on the seismic processes within the platform lithosphere will allow us to work out a new approach in estimating modern geodynamical activity of the “stable” regions and help solving the problem of decreasing the risks and preventing the catastrophes caused by natural and anthropogenic seismicity in highly populated areas abounded in high environmental risk objects. Results of this research may be used for identifying the nature of seismic events, for estimating seismotectonic conditions and modern seismic activity level in the areas where atomic stations are situated, for general and detailed seismic zoning.
seismic monitoring seismic activity risks
Publications on the topic (other references)
Nadezhka L.I., Safronich I.N., Pivovarov S.P., and others. Nikolskoye earthquake on the 31 of March 2000/ Earthquakes in Northern Eurasia in 2000.Obninsk 2006.P. 245-253
Weak earthquakes and microseismicity as a modern geodynamic investigation object. Joint project Nadezhka L.I., Safronich I.N., Pivovarov S.P., and others. Petrozavodsk. 2006. p.245-253.
Nadezhka L.I., Ezhova I.T. The irregularities of the lithosphere surface and spatial distribution of the earthquakes epicenters within the central and eastern parts of VCM/ The digest of the international conference “Irregular geological medium: spatial and temporal interactions of endogenous and exogenous processes.”
Nadezhka L.I., Pivovarov S.P., Semenov A.E., Ippolitov O.M. Seismic effects of the large-scale explosions in Voronezh area and their geo-ecological consequences.//Natural and anthropogenic deposits of mineral raw material: geology, geochemistry, geochemical and geophysical methods of exploration, environmental geology. VSU digest 2008.-Voronezh., p.326-329.
Nadezhka L.I., Safronich I.N., Pivovarov S.P., Semenov A.E., Savenkov A.V., Kolesnikova S.I. Seismic network in the VCM area.//The 4 international seismology school “modern methods of proceeding and interpreting seismic data”.-Obninsk: GS PAS, 2009.-p. 117-121.
Nadezhka L.I. About earthquakes in Voronezh crystalline massif.// L.I.Nadezhka, S.P.Pivovarov, M.A. Efremenko, A.E. Semenov // VSU bulletin, Geology.- Voronezh, 2010.- N1.- p.233-243.
Nadezhka L.I. On the possible causes of local earthquakes in the VCM area. //L.I.Nadezhka, M.A. Efremenko, E. Rogozhin, A.E. Semenov// International conference digest, Voronezh, 2010.- vol.2.- p.73-77.
Nadezhka L.I. Seismic hazard in the VCM area.// L.I.Nadezhka, S.P.Pivovarov, R.S.Pivovarov.//Abstracts of the 7th Kazakhstan-China International Symposium “Prognosis and estimating seismic hazard and seismic risks in Central Asia”.- Almaty,2010.-p. 214-215.
Pivovarov S.P. Induced seismicity in the VCM area.// L.I.Nadezhka, S.P.Pivovarov, I.N.Safronich, R.S.Pivovarov//Seismology studies in Uzbekistan., Tashkent, 2010.-N7.- vol.II.- p.59-63.
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