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Voronezh State University
- Sustainable production and management of biological resources from land, forest and aquatic environment: Increased sustainability of all production systems (agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture); plant health and crop protection
Date of filling in
Voronezh State University
Universitetskaya pl., 1, Voronezh, 304006, Russia
Faculty of biology and soil-science, Chair of biophysics and biotechnology, Chair of genetic, cytology and bioengineering
Artyukhov Valeriy, DSc, Professor, Dean of the Faculty
Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology (KBBE)
Sustainable production and management of biological resources from land, forest and aquatic environment: Increased sustainability of all production systems (agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture); plant health and crop protection
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
According to different rating evaluations Voronezh state university is in the first twenty classic universities of Rus-sia. The collective of executers includes the best specialists in the field of genetics, cytogenetics, biotechnology, breeding in forest woody plants and ecology (1 doctor of science, 5 candidates of science, 2 young scientists, post-graduates). Among the executers there are the members of New York Academy of Sciences and World Directory of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeders. There was developed a method for production of qualitative micropreparations of woody plant cells and for their analysis. There were chosen experimental territories with contrast levels of pollution. There were worked out highly effective technologies of clonal micropropagation of highly productive and resistant to abiotic and biotic factors for some trees of hardwoods. On their basis experimental polyclonal plantations and collections of valuable genotypes in long-term in vitro cultivation (over 15 years) were established. On the theme of investigation the collective has published over 300 articles in the leading Russian and foreign journals, has received 4 patents and 5 inventor’s certificates. The pro-ject executers took part in the fulfillment of federal, regional and international programs on the announced themes both as executers and as supervisor of studies.
By the announced themes the collective of executers can reveal cytogenesis reactions of forest woody plants (common pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), European birch (Betula pendula Roth), English oak (Quercus robur L.) and poplar species (Populus sp.)) on anthropogenic pollutation in the regions of Central Russia with different level of industrial and eco-nomic pressing, including the territories with radioactive pollution after Chernobyl accident, by use of the methods of light microscopy for cytological investigations. For the first time there will be determined daily rhythms of mitotic activity, duration of the passage of some mitosis stages by cells, frequency of mitosis disturbance, nucleolar characteristics (sizes of single pair nucleoli, types of nucleoli, frequency of persistant nucleoli on the metaphase – telophase stage of mitosis), spectrum of mitosis disturbances in seed progenies of English oak, European birch and common pine, growing in ecologically “clean” region. There will be estimated the limits of variation of cytogenetic indices (of mitotic activity, nucleolar characteristics, level and spectrum of mitosis pathologies) in nonstress conditions for the above-named species of woody plants. By use of our sense scale for the criteria of cytogenetic monitoring there will be carried out evaluation of stability of cytogenetic system in seed germs of woody plants which are important forest forming species of Central Chernozem Region. On the basis of research results there will be revealed tendencies in the change of cytogenetic indices in stress conditions, the most sensitive and resistant to anthropogenic pollution characteristics, possible cytogenetic mechanisms of adaptation for European birch, English oak and grey poplars, common pine to anthropogenic pollution on cell and subcellular level. Cytogenetic diversity of seed progeny of woody plants in Central Russia including ecologically “clean” and polluted territories and tendencies of its change in the conditions of anthropogenic load will be established. Integral effects of pollutant influence on cytogenetic indices in seed progeny of investigated species of woody plants and the most sensitive to anthropogenic pollution cytogenetic indices will be determined. It is suggested to work out some criteria for resistance evaluation of cytogenetic apparatus of forest wood plants seed progeny to anthropogenic pollution for tree selection with the purpose pf their further microclonal propagation to create productive and resistant shelter forests. Working out of criteria for selection of mother trees producing faintly mutable progeny, resistant to pollution for the further forest regeneration on polluted territories, is possible. It is planned to make a method for evaluation of environmental pollution by cytogenetic indices of forest woody plant seed progeny. A formula for estimation of environmental gene toxicity for a man by cytogenetic indices of woody plants will be received. It is planned to work out effective methods for reproduction and conservation ex situ on the basis of bioengineering methods of selected resistant genotypes of hardwoods. There were made technological regulations for effective microclonal propagation and production of valuable (productive and resistant) genotypes of triploid white and grey poplars (receiving of aseptic viable cultures, microshoots induction, their effective rooting and multiplication, adaptation and growing of tube plants in the condition of sheltered ground). There will be received an experimental lot of planting material of in vitro propagated clones of woody plants. There will be worked out a method for longterm in vitro cultivation of the representatives of valuable gene pool of hardwoods (birch, poplar) for their conservation ex situ. On the basis of the results of cytogenetic and biotechnological researches recommendations for creation of highly productive and resistant forest cultures and stands with use of highly qualitative planting material will be given.
genetics of wood plants cytogenetics of wood plants biotechnology of wood plants ecology selection of wood plants
Publications on the topic (other references)
Artyukhov V.G., Kalaev V.N. Cytogenetic indices of English oak (Quercus robur L.) seminal progeny subject to radioactive radiation in the Chernobyl nuclear disaster and growing on territories with different levels of anthropogenic contamination // 20 Years after Chernobyl Accident: past, present and future: Editors E.B. Burlakova, V.I. Naidich. – New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2006. – P. 247 – 264.
Fedorova A.I., Kalaev V.N., Prosvirina Yu.G., Goryainova S.A. Mutagenic activity of heavy metals in soil wayside slopes // Eurasian Soil Science. – 2007. – V. 40, № 8. – P. 893 – 899.
Kalaev V.N., Butorina A.K. Cytogenetic effect of oak (Quercus robur L.) trees growing on sites contaminated by Chernobyl fallout // Silvae Genetica. – 2006. - V. 55, issue 3. – P. 93 – 101.
Karpova S.S., Kalaev V.N., Artyukhov V.G., Trofimova V.A., Ostashkova L.G., Savko A.D. The use of nucleolar morphological characteristics of birch seedlings for the assessment of environmental pollution // Biology Bulletin. – 2006. - V. 33, № 1. - P. 73–80.
Kalaev V.N., Karpova S.S. The influence of air pollution on cytogenetic characteristics of birch seed progeny // Forest Genetics. – 2003. - V.10, №1. – P. 11 – 18.
Butorina A.K., Kalaev V.N., Karpova S.S. Cytogenetic damage of human somatic cells and weeping birch cells in Voronezh districts with different levels of anthropogenic pollution // Russian Journal of Ecology. – 2002. – V. 33, № 6. – P. 413 – 416.
Butorina A.K., Kalaev V.N., Mironov A.N., Smorodinova V. A., Mazurova I. E., Doroshev S. A., Sen’kevich E. V. Cytogenetic Variation in Populations of Scotch Pine // Russian Journal of Ecology. – 2001. - V. 32, №. 3. - P. 198–202.
Butorina A.K., Kalaev V.N., Najdenova O.S., Myagkova O.E., Vostricova T.V., Mitroshina O., Dirdina O.V., Polyakova N.A. Relationship between cytogenetic anomalies in forest trees subjected to radioactive contamination and industrial pollution with inherent defects in human infants in Central Russia // Cytogenetic Studies of Forest Trees and Shrubs – Review , Present Status , and Outlook on the Future (special issue of the Forest Genetics). - Zvolen, 2000. P. 35 - 41.
Butorina A.K., Kalaev V.N. Analysis of Sensitivity of Different Criteria in Cytogenetic Monitoring // Russian Journal of Ecology. – 2000. – V. 31, № 3. – P. 186 – 189.
Butorina A. K., Kalaev V.N. Diversity of Cytological Characteristics in Oak Under Normal Conditions // Diversity and Adaptation in Oak Species. Proceedings of a conference of IUFRO Working Party 2.08.05 held Oct. 12-17, 1997, College of Agricultural Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. – Pennsylvania, 1998. - P. 46-48.
Mashkina O.S., Tabackaya T.M., Starodubtseveva L.M. Mass clonal propagation of Karelian birch and poplar through long-term shoot multiplication // Russian Journal of plant physiology, 1999. - Vol. 46, N6.- P.835-837.
Mashkina O.S., Butorina A.K. Genetic Engineering of Forest Woody Plants // Russian J. of Genetics .— 2003 .— Vol. 39, N 3 .— P. 241-248.
Matveeva T.V., Frolova N.V., Isakov Yu.N., Mashkina O.S., Lutova L.A. Horizontal Gene Transfer from Agrobacteria to Plants in Natural and Laboratory Conditions // Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Industry. – New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2004.– P. 109-114. (ISBN: 1-59454-119-1)
Mashkina O.S. The formation of unreduced pollen in Populus exposed to high temperatures and chemical mutagens // Cytogenetic studies of forest trees and shrub species. – Zagreb: Croatian forest, Inc., 1997. – P. 241 – 252.
Sivolapov A.I., Blagodarova T.A. Different levels of mixoploidy in hybrid poplars // Cytogenetic studies of forest trees and shrub species. – Zagreb: Croatian forest, Inc., 1997. – P. 311 – 316.
Vostrikova T.V. Instability of Cytogenetic Parameters and Genome Instability in Betula pendula Roth. // Russian Journal of Ecology. – 2007. - Vol. 38, No. 2. – P. 80 – 84.
Vostrikova T.V., Butorina A. K. Cytogenetic Responses of Birch to Stress Factors // Biology Bulletin. - 2006. - Vol. 33, No. 2. – P. 185 – 190.
Isakov Yu.N., Kuznetsova N.F., Mashkina O.S. Level of selffertility and its genotypic causation in Pinus sylvestris // Lesovedenie. – 2000. – N2. – P.44-50. (In Russian)
Mashkina O.S., Isakov Yu.N. On Genetic-Breeding Improvement of Poplar // Lesovedenie. – 2002. – N3. – P.68-73. (In Russian)
Kuznetsova N.F. Trends of selection in the life cycle of Pinus sylvestris L. // Lesovedenie. – 2003. – N4. – P. 9 - 16. (In Russian)
Sivolapov A.I. Grey poplar: genetics, breeding, reproduction. – Russia, Voronezh State University, 2005. - 157 pp. In Russian)
Mashkina O.S., Burdaeva L.M., Belozerova M.M., V’yunova L.N. Method of inducing diploid pollen in woody plants // USSR Inventor’s Certificate no. 1166746 // Byull. Izobret., 1985, no. 26. (In Russian)
Butova G.P., Tabatskaya T.M., Skrobova L.L. Method of clonal micropropagation of Karelian birch. USSR Investor’s Certifi-cate no. 1597386 // Byull. Izobret, 1990, no. 37. (In Russian)
Patent 2237914 Russian Federation, IPK G10V9/00. The way of radonic pollution estimation of dwellings and the way of preparation of tests / Kalaev V.N., Vahtel’ V.M., Babenko A.G.: The applicant and holder of patent Voronezh state univer-sity. - № 2003107512; declare. 18.03.03, publ. 10.10.04, byull. № 28. - 22 p.
Certificate of the Russian Federation on official registration of the computer program № 2005612221. Forecasting of daily rhythms cytogenetic parameters of seed progeny of english oak / Kalaev V.N., Preobrazhenskij A.P. - Application № 2005611613. - Registration of 1.09.2005.
Certificate of the Russian Federation on the state registration of the computer program № 2008610141. Forecasting of daily rhythms nucleoli parameters of seed progeny of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) / Kalaev V.N., Preobrazhenskij A.P. - Appli-cation № 2007614326. - Registration of 9.01.2008.
Certificate of the Russian Federation on the state registration of the computer program № 2008610142. Forecasting of daily rhythms cytogenetic parameters of seed progeny of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) / Kalaev V.N., Preobrazhenskij A.P. - Application № 2007614327. - Registration of 9.01.2008.
Certificate of the Russian Federation on the state registration of the computer program № 2008610143. Forecasting of daily rhythms cytogenetic parameters of seed progeny of birch (Betula pendula Roth) / Kalaev V.N., Preobrazhenskij A.P., Karpova S.S. - Application № 2007614328. - Registration of 9.01.2008.
Patent for Selection Achievement № 1187 of Russian Federation. Poplar (Populus L.) Hopersky -1 / Sivolapov A.I. Priority 06.12.2000. Date of registration 17.12.2001.
Sivolapov A.I. Poplar Priyarsky // Russia Inventor’s Certificate no. 44340. State Commission of Russian Federation for Se-lection Achievements Test and Protection. № 9464178. Date of registration 15.12.2005.
Our research team takes part in performance of Russian federal, regional and international programs:
Grants of fund "Integracia" № 70 direction 1.5/2000 (2000). Validity - from January, 1 till December, 31, 2000 and № 79 direction 1.5/2001 (2001). Validity - from January, 1 till December, 31, 2001.
Research and development grant of Ministry of natural resources of Russian Federation «Biogeosphere researches of condition and dynamics of the natural environment in conditions of intensive influence of anthropogenous factors on the territory of Central Black Soil region», the state contract № ВК-02-47/301.
Research and development under the state contract with Federal agency of science and innovations from June, 25, 2007 № 02.512.11.2130 «Cytogenetic reactions of wood plants (by the example of deciduous and coniferous) on the stressful conditions caused by anthropogenous pollution, and an estimation genotoxic of environment for the human on cytogenetic parameters of wood plants».
Grant of the President of Russian Federation for support of young Russian scientists and leading scientific schools of the Russian Federation «Cytogenetic reactions of wood plants (by the example of deciduous) on the stressful conditions caused by anthropogenous pollution and an estimation genotoxic of an environment for the human on cytogenetic parameters of wood plants» (grant МК-2587.2004.4).
The grant of the President of the Russian Federation for support of young Russian scientists and leading scientific schools of the Russian Federation «Cytogenetics of wood plants in conditions of anthropogenous environmental contamination and the ways of adaptation» (grant МК-3481.2007.4).
The grant of the Russian Fund of Fundamental Researches № 02-04-48800.
The grant of the Ministry of Education of Russian Federation PD 02-1.4-142.
Description of previous and present experience in International Cooperation
INTERNATIONAL SOROS SCIENCE EDUCATION PROGRAM «Soros student» (1998), «Soros post-graduate student» (2000).
Travel-grant of participation in "International Conference on: Wood, Breeding, Biotechnology and industrial expectations" (Bordeaux, France, June 11 - 14, 2001)
Previous participation in EU’s Framework Programme projects
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Voronezh State University