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Saratov State Agrarian University
- KBBE.2011.1.1-03: Efficiency of ruminant digestive systems and reduc-tion of the ecological footprint through a combination of systems biol-ogy, 'omics' and nutrition
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Saratov State Agrarian University
410012, Teatralnaya plozhad 1, Saratov, Russia
Therapy, clinical diagnostics, pharmacology and toxicology Department
Proffessor Aleksey A. Volkov, Doctor of veterinary medicine
Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology (KBBE)
KBBE.2011.1.1-03: Efficiency of ruminant digestive systems and reduc-tion of the ecological footprint through a combination of systems biol-ogy, 'omics' and nutrition
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
Saratov Agricultural University was founded in 1913 and is among top three entrants into the list of the best agricultural universities in Russia. There are 12 departments, 81 chairs and 38 scientific laboratories and centers. The university provides 22 thousand students with 63 different specialty courses. There are 18 scientists at the chair of therapy and feeding farm animals with Master’s and Doctor’s Degree in Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture. Their researches are mainly focused on preventive measures against diseases connected with metabolic disorders and on scientifically based optimal feeding of highly productive cows. The laboratories are fully equipped.
The Department of Biochemistry and Physiology of plants and microorganisms (The Russian Academy of Sciences) was founded in 1980. The research is mainly focused upon the detection of the molecular basis of the interaction between microorganisms and plants.
The scientists have generated recombinant antibodies for such low-molecular substances as diminazene, ivermectin, clenbuterol, chloramphenicol. Antigens isolated from Echerihia coli, Mycobacterium bovis, Azospirillum brasilense, ferritin were used by them as high-molecular substances.
The modern methods of cattle breeding and dairy cattle breeding in particular can cause digestion dysfunctions in proventriculus, may lead to dysbolism and diseases connected with metabolic disorders. Consequently the quality of such food products is made worse. Another harmful effect of this process is that the environment is being polluted with toxic excrement and secretions of these animals.
The findings of the recent research in this area indicate that the quality of dairy and meat products doesn’t meet the human health requirements in the majority of cases.
As a matter of fact the health of farm animals depends on the quality of fodder, the process of growing and storing fodder. At the same time the optimum conditions should be created for biochemical reactions in the complex stomach of farm animals. Consequently alternative programs of cattle breeding should be launched. Theses programs are aimed at increasing productivity, maintaining health of farm animals, producing ecologically clean meat and dairy products without side-effect of environmental pollution. The program is based on the correction of genetic basis/potential of farm animals and creation of high-performance biotechnology (microorganisms for effective digestion in alimentary canal of ruminant animals).
This will enable us to influence effectively the cow genome, create ecologically clean medicine for necessary fermentation activity in rumen of farm animals, upsurge productivity and guarantee good health of dairy cattle.
This new genetic cow potential and highly effective microbiological products will help to make digestion of farm animals more active, to create ecologically clean farms under modern conditions of dairy cattle breeding.
Expected results: new biotechnology will be developed which will ensure good health of farm animals and ecologically clean high-quality meat and dairy products.
genome; cows; fodder; microflora; digestion
Publications on the topic (other references)
Moskalenko S.P. Theoretical and practical basis for the usage of haylage in flexible package for farm cattle / monograph/ S.P. Moskalenko, A.P. Korobov, S.Z. Baizuldinov – Saratov Agricultural University. – 2006. – 580 p.
Kaluzhnyi I.I. Clinical study of animal digestion / I.I. Kaluzhnyi, N.D. Barinov, V.I. Feduk / edited by Kaluzhnyi I.I. – Moscow, Koloss, 2010. – 568 p.
Kaluzhnyi I.I. Metabolic disorders of highly productive cows / I.I. Kaluzhnyi, N.D. Barinov, A.P. Korobov, - Saratov, Saratov Agricultural University, 2010. – 104 p.
Kaluzhnyi I.I. Clinical and laboratory diagnostics of metabolic disturbance of milk cows / I.I. Kaluzhnyi, N.D. Barinov, A.G. Smolyaninov // Veterinary medicine. – Saratov, Nauka, 2010 – p. 194-199
Kaluzhnyi I.I. The maw dysfunction / I.I. Kaluzhnyi, N.D. Barinov, A.G. Smolyaninov // Veterinary medicine. – Saratov, Nauka, 2010 – p. 203-205
Barinov N.D. Diseases of highly productive cows as a result of destructive metabolic disorders / N.D. Barinov, A.G. Smolyaninov, A.A. Shevchenko // Veterinary medicine. – Saratov, Nauka, 2010 – p. 186 – 191.
Kaluzhnyi I.I. The health of imported farm animals after 5 months of life in the new country / I.I. Kaluzhnyi, N.D. Barinov // Cattle breeding in Russia. – 2008. - #3 – p. 6-8
Kaluzhnyi I.I. Metabolism and symptoms of rumen acidosis / monograph / I.I. Kaluzhnyi, V.A. Blinov – Saratov Agricultural University. – 2003. – 265 p.
Kaluzhnyi I.I. Rumen acidosis of cattle / monograph / I.I. Kaluzhnyi – Saratov, Volga Publishing House, - 1996 – 238 p. [22 pictures]
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