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Voronezh State University
- KBBE.2011.1.3-03: European interprofessional network addressing zoonotic diseases transmitted via companion animals
Date of filling in
Voronezh State University
Voronezh State University. 1 Universitetskaya pl. 394006 Voronezh. Russia
Division of Zoology and Parasitology of the Department of Biology and Soil Sciences
Gaponov Sergey, PhD, DSci, Full Professor, Head of the Division of Zoology and Parasitology
Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology (KBBE)
KBBE.2011.1.3-03: European interprofessional network addressing zoonotic diseases transmitted via companion animals
January 25, 2011 at 17:00 Brussels time
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
The Division was founded in 1918 as the Division of Vertebrate Zoology. In response to the increasing scientific diversity which it embodies, the Division’s name has most recently been changed to the Division of Zoology and Parasitology. The current head of the Division is Sergey P. Gaponov. Several noted zoologists, particularly Sergey E. Puchkovsky, Ivan I. Schmalhauzen and Ilya I. Barabash-Nikhiforov, led the Division during different periods of the twentieth century. The work of T.V. Dmitrieva and S.L. Ovchinnikova in the field of Theriology was instrumental in the control of urban rodent populations. As a result, tularemia outbreaks were suppressed in the Region. Since the 1990s, modern parasitological studies have been conducted by L.N. Khitzova, Further development of this scientific discipline has been undertaken by Sergey P. Gaponov, The Division has the Laboratory of Zoonotic and Parasitic Diseases Research, which was organized in a collaboration with Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences. During the last decade, the divisions of Zoology and Parasitology of Voronezh State University have conducted abundant research related to zoonosis. For example, extensive collections of parasitic worms, pathogenic protozoa, parasitic mites and blood sucking ticks and flies show a diversity of eukaryotic pathogenic agents as well as vectors of viral and bacterial diseases.
In many countries, including those economically developed, the problem of zoonotic disease is serious, and it is important to coordinate studies of vectors (mosquitoes, black flies, sand flies, hard ticks and mites) and vertebrate animals which occupy ecological niches in urban and suburban areas. Also, new zoonotic diseases continue to appear, such as swine and avian flu, prion diseases, and SARS. These spilled over into human populations due to interactions between the carrier host and domestic or agricultural (companion) animals. Highly mobile animals such as bats, mice, rats and birds may present a greater risk of zoonotic transmission than other animals, because they tend to be synanthropic. In many cases (avian and swine flu, rabies, toxoplasmosis, pyroplasmosis, some chlamidiosis, Lyme borreliosis) companion animals can be the source of infection for human. Zoonotic diseases such as toxoplasmosis, some helminthosis (include toxocarosis, trichonellosis), wide-spread viral infections (e.g. rabie, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, tick-borned encephalitis) as well as bacterial diseases (e.g. Lyme disease, tularaemia, some typhus) now are wide spread in anthropogenic ecosystems in both Russia and European Union. Study of domestic and agricultural animals which are the reservoir of the pathogenic agents can be collaborated on mutual basis. Research of the vectors (e.g. mosquitoes, black-flies, ticks and mites) of the pathogenic agents of transmissive zoonosis can be the subject of bilateral scientific investigation. Study of dangerous wild animals which became to be synanthropic is another subject of mutual scientific activity. Based on bilateral (or multilateral) research it would be possible to create data base, models for forecasting, prediction and monitoring the situation concerned to zoonotic diseases in Russia and the countries of European community. The population dynamics, trophic nets, host preferences and seasonal activity of these animals have been studied for the last 10 years (or longer). For example, stray and feral cats in urban environments are definite hosts of Toxoplasma gondii, who in turn prey upon intermediate hosts, including mice, rats and birds found in the urban ecosystems. Stray dogs, as carriers of the rabies virus, are a source of infection for humans and domestic animals. Recently, some species of ticks and mosquitoes, both vectors of transmissive zoonosis, were observed in those areas. Some of bloodsucking arthropods connect with companion animals. Study of synanthropic populations of cats and dogs and their contacts with domestic and agricultural animals should be conducted with participation of professionals in Zoology, Veterinary, Medicine and Ecology. It is really crucial to create a comparative data base about zoonotic diseases. It is one of the reasons of development scientific cooperation between professionals from different countries. In purpose of experience, data base, scientific results exchange we propose to arrange annual meetings for discuss the topic, establish network in purpose to share the results and data.
zoonosis; parasite; host; vector; Data base
Publications on the topic (other references)
Gaponov S.P., Trankvilevsky D.V. Dynamics of the rodents species in Voronezh city and its vicinities in 2001-2007 years // Journal of Nyzhny Novgorod State University. 2009. # 1. P. 67-72.
Gaponov S.P,Volgina I.S. Parasitosis of domestic carnivorous mammals in Voronezh-city environment // Theory and Practice of prevention of parasitic diseases. Moscow, 2009. – V. 10. – P. 93-95.
Gaponov S.P., Volgina I.S. Toxoplasmosis serology of the cats in Voronezh-city // Biological Sciences of Kazakhstan. Pavlodar, 2009.– V. 3-4. - P. 93-101.
Gaponov et al. Bioecology of the ticks (Ixodidae) in Voronezh city // Journal of Voronezh State University. Ser. Chemistry, Biology and Pharmacy. 2008. # 2. P. 71-77.
Gaponov S.P. et al. Outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in winter of 2006-2007 year in Voronezh Region // Medical Virology, 2008. – V. 24.
Gaponov S.P. et all. Epizootological and epidemiological peculiarities of tularemia // Health environment – the factor of health of Population. Scientific proc. Of Federal Scientific Centre of Hygiene by F.F. Eversman. – 2004. – С. 691-694.
Gaponov S.P. et al. Epizootology of rabie in Voronezh Region in the boundary of XX and XXI centuries // Health of population and environment. – Moscow, 2006. – V. 5 (158). – P. 11-15.
Gaponov S.P. et all. Activity of the nidus of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and ecological conditions of Voronezh Region // Ecology and scientific nature management.. Voronezh, 2007. P. 17-29.
Budaeva I.A., Khitzova L.N. New data of mass reproduction of the black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) in Voronezh Region. – Medical Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases. - 2006. - № 1. - P. 39-46.
Duvanova I.A., Khitzova L.N. et all. Population analysis of the mechanisms of dynamics Apodemus agrarius Pallas. – Povolzh. Ecological. Journ. - 2009. – V. 1. - P. 26-34.
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