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Voronezh State University
- HEALTH.2011.2.3.3-1: Identification of factors promoting the emergence of pathogens with human pandemic potential from pathogens with a zoonotic background and related prevention strategies
Date of filling in
Voronezh State University
Voronezh State University. 1 Universitetskaya pl., 394006 Voronezh. Russia
Division of Zoology and Parasitology of the Department of Biology and Soil Sciences
Gaponov Sergey, PhD, DSci, Full Professor, Head of the Division of Zoology and Parasitology
HEALTH.2011.2.3.3-1: Identification of factors promoting the emergence of pathogens with human pandemic potential from pathogens with a zoonotic background and related prevention strategies
13.10.2010 17:00 (Brussels local time)
Short description of the organization (max 12 lines):
The Division was founded in 1918 as the Division of Vertebrate Zoology. In response to the increasing scientific diversity which it embodies, the Division’s name has most recently been changed to the Division of Zoology and Parasitology. The current head of the Division is Sergey P. Gaponov. Several noted zoologists, particularly Sergey E. Puchkovsky, Ivan I. Schmalhauzen and Ilya I. Barabash-Nikhiforov, led the Division during different periods of the twentieth century. The work of T.V. Dmitrieva and S.L. Ovchinnikova in the field of Theriology was instrumental in the control of urban rodent populations. As a result, tularemia outbreaks were suppressed in the Region. Since the 1990s, modern parasitological studies have been conducted by L.N. Khitzova, Further development of this scientific discipline has been undertaken by Sergey P. Gaponov, The Division has the Laboratory of Zoonotic and Parasitic Diseases Research, which was organized in a collaboration with Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences. During the last decade, the divisions of Zoology and Parasitology of Voronezh State University have conducted abundant research related to zoonosis. For example, extensive collections of parasitic worms, pathogenic protozoa, parasitic mites and blood sucking ticks and flies show a diversity of eukaryotic pathogenic agents as well as vectors of viral and bacterial diseases.
In many countries, including those economically developed, the problem of zoonotic disease is serious, and it is important to coordinate studies of vectors (mosquitoes, black flies, sand flies, hard ticks and mites) and vertebrate animals which occupy ecological niches in urban and suburban areas. Also, new zoonotic diseases continue to appear, such as swine and avian flu, prion diseases, and SARS. These spilled over into human populations due to interactions between the carrier host and domestic animals. Highly mobile animals such as bats, mice, rats and birds may present a greater risk of zoonotic transmission than other animals, because they tend to be synanthropic. Some endemic zoonotic diseases have dramatically expanded their nosoareals, such as Lyme borreliosis, tick born encephalitis, West Nile fever, rabies and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. Other zoonosis which have been under control for decades are now returning to animal and human populations. plague, tularemia, some kinds of typhus and spotted fever are examples of these. The city of Voronezh is a good model for zoonotic research, since in Voronezh and in the Black Soil Region of Russia, we monitor the populations of vertebrate animals which serve as reservoirs of pathogens causing tularemia, Lyme disease, rabies and, potentially, tick born encephalitis. The population dynamics, trophic nets, host preferences and seasonal activity of these animals have been studied for the last 10 years (or longer). For example, stray and feral cats in urban environments are definite hosts of Toxoplasma gondii, who in turn prey upon intermediate hosts, including mice, rats and birds found in the urban ecosystems. Mice and rats are also reservoirs of Hantavirus. Stray dogs, as carriers of the rabies virus, are a source of infection for humans and domestic animals. Many urban ecosystems include resort areas (parks, forests around the cities, forest parks, etc.). Recently, some species of ticks and mosquitoes, both vectors of transmissive zoonosis, were observed in those areas. More data about their number, development, host preferences and seasonal activity are needed. We plan to pay special attention to specificity of modern urban condition (forest-parks, forest bends, green resort areas inside the cities, ample water reservoirs, and peculiarities of storage food supplies, etc.). We propose to undertake further research into: 1) specificity of urban environmental conditions conducive to potentially dangerous vertebrate species; 2) population dynamics of vertebrate species which serve as a reservoir of pathogenic agents; 3) population dynamics and diversity of vectors (mainly ticks, mites and mosquitoes) which feed on the blood of vertebrate animals and transmit disease agents; 4) immunodiagnostics of pathogens inside vectors and animal hosts; 5) patterns of circulation of pathogenic agents in urban and suburban environments; and 6) development of predictive models to assist policymakers in assessing public health risks. We would like to find a partner from European University to develop collaboration in research zoonotic diseases in urban ecosystems, especially focuses on the factors promoting the emergence of pathogens in uraban and suburban environment.
zoonosis; Urban ecosystem; parasites; vectors; Disease circulation
Publications on the topic (other references)
Gaponov S.P., Trankvilevsky D.V. Dynamics of the rodents species in Voronezh city and its vicinities in 2001-2007 years // Journal of Nyzhny Novgorod State University. 2009. # 1. P. 67-72.
Gaponov S.P,Volgina I.S. Parasitosis of domestic carnivorous mammals in Voronezh-city environment // Theory and Practice of prevention of parasitic diseases. Moscow, 2009. – V. 10. – P. 93-95.
Gaponov S.P., Volgina I.S. Toxoplasmosis serology of the cats in Voronezh-city // Biological Sciences of Kazakhstan. Pavlodar, 2009.– V. 3-4. - P. 93-101.
Gaponov et al. Bioecology of the ticks (Ixodidae) in Voronezh city // Journal of Voronezh State University. Ser. Chemistry, Biology and Pharmacy. 2008. # 2. P. 71-77.
Gaponov S.P. et al. Outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in winter of 2006-2007 year in Voronezh Region // Medical Virology, 2008. – V. 24.
Gaponov S.P. et all. Epizootological and epidemiological peculiarities of tularemia // Health environment – the factor of health of Population. Scientific proc. Of Federal Scientific Centre of Hygiene by F.F. Eversman. – 2004. – С. 691-694.
Gaponov S.P. et al. Epizootology of rabie in Voronezh Region in the boundary of XX and XXI centuries // Health of population and environment. – Moscow, 2006. – V. 5 (158). – P. 11-15.
Gaponov S.P. et all. Activity of the nidus of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and ecological conditions of Voronezh Region // Ecology and scientific nature management.. Voronezh, 2007. P. 17-29.
Budaeva I.A., Khitzova L.N. New data of mass reproduction of the black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) in Voronezh Region. – Medical Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases. - 2006. - № 1. - P. 39-46.
Duvanova I.A., Khitzova L.N. et all. Population analysis of the mechanisms of dynamics Apodemus agrarius Pallas. – Povolzh. Ecological. Journ. - 2009. – V. 1. - P. 26-34.
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