FP7 is the short name for the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. This is the EU's main instrument for funding research in Europe and it will run from 2007-2013. FP7 is also designed to respond to Europe's employment needs, competitiveness and quality of life.
It will last for seven years from 2007until 2013. The programme has a total budget of over € 50 billion. This represents a substantial increase compared with the previous Framework Programme FP6 (41% at 2004 prices, 63% at current prices), a reflection of the high priority of research in Europe.
The Framework Programmes for Research have two main strategic objectives:
- to strengthen the scientific and technological base of European industry;
- to encourage its international competitiveness, while promoting research that supports EU policies.
The EU policies of developing research for the global knowledgebased economy focus increasingly on collaborative research, both within the EU and with external research partners. Coordinating national or European teams, setting up research networks, and increasing the mobility of individual researchers are at the heart of such policies. Bringing together research teams from different countries is also a way of countering the fragmented nature of the European research landscape.
The Specific Programmes constitute the five major building blocks of FP7: Cooperation, Ideas, People, Capacities, Nuclear Research
The core of FP7, representing two thirds of the overall budget, is the Cooperation programme. It fosters collaborative research across Europe and other partner countries through projects by transnational consortia of industry and academia.
The ten identified themes reflect the most important fields of knowledge and technology where research excellence is particularly important to improve Europe’s ability to address its social, economic, public health, environmental and industrial challenges of the future. Their continued relevance will be guaranteed by relying on a number of sources from the research sector, including the European Technology Platforms (ETP). Important themes identified in the Strategic Research Agendas (SRAs) developed by the ETPs are therefore covered by the Cooperation programme.
Across all these themes, support to trans-national cooperation will be implemented through.
- Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology;
- Information and Communication Technologies;
- Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials & new production technologies;
- Environment (including climate change);
- Transport (including aeronautics);
- Socio-economic sciences and humanities;
- Security — SEC.
Additional information on the CORDIS website — http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/cooperation/home_en.html
Additional information in Russian on the RIC website — http://www.ric.vsu.ru/ru/fp7/special_programmes/cooperation
The objective of the specific programme ‘Ideas’ is to reinforce excellence, dynamism and creativity in European research and improve the attractiveness of Europe for the best researchers from both European and third countries, as well as for industrial research investment, by providing a Europe-wide competitive funding structure, in addition to and not replacing national funding, for ‘frontier research’ executed by individual teams. Communication and dissemination of research results is an important aspect of this programme.
For its implementation, a European Research Council (ERC), consisting of an independent Scientific Council and a dedicated implementation structure, has been established by the Commission under this specific programme. The ERC operates according to the principles of scientific excellence, autonomy, efficiency, transparency and accountability, and supports investigator-driven projects in ‘frontier research’, carried out by individual teams competing at the European level, within and across all fields of research.
Additional information on the CORDIS website — http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ideas/home_en.html
Additional information in Russian on the RIC website — http://www.ric.vsu.ru/ru/fp7/special_programmes/ideas
The 'Marie Curie Actions' have long been one of the most popular and appreciated features of the Community Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development. The 'Marie Curie Actions' under the Sixth Framework Programme were part of the Specific Programme dedicated to structuring the European Research Area.
In the Seventh Framework Programme, the 'Marie Curie Actions' have been regrouped and reinforced in the 'People' Specific Programme. Entirely dedicated to human resources in research, this Specific Programme has a significant overall budget of more than € 4,7 billion over a seven year period until 2013, which represents a 50% average annual increase over FP6.
- Initial training of researchers to improve mostly young researchers
- Life-long training and career development
- Industry-academia pathways and partnerships
- International dimension
- Specific actions
Additional information on the CORDIS website — http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/people/home_en.html
Additional information in Russian on the RIC website — http://www.ric.vsu.ru/ru/fp7/special_programmes/people
The Commission’s proposals for the FP7 Capacities programme aim to enhance research and innovation capacities throughout Europe and ensure their optimal use.
The Capacities programme is provided with a budget of EUR 4 097 million to operate in seven broad areas:
- Research infrastructures;
- Research for the benefit of SMEs;
- Regions of knowledge and support for regional research-driven clusters;
- Research potential of Convergence Regions;
- Science in society;
- Support to the coherent development of research policies;
- International cooperation.
Additional information on the CORDIS website — http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/capacities/home_en.html
Additional information in Russian on the RIC website — http://www.ric.vsu.ru/ru/fp7/special_programmes/capacities
Euratom energy research activities are carried out under the treaty with the same name, which in 1957 established the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Euratom is legally separated from the European Community (EC) and has its own Framework Research Programme, however managed by the common Community institutions.
Although Member States retain most competencies in energy policy, whether based on nuclear or other sources, the Euratom Treaty has achieved an important degree of harmonisation at European level. It legislates for a number of specific tasks for the management of nuclear resources and research activities.
Additional information on the CORDIS website — http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/euratom/home_en.html